To celebrate the diversity of art throughout history and across borders, we have made a little something for you all. See if you can guess some of the artists before you look up the answers below and post your results in the comments.
Title: Starry Night
Painted by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh in 1889, Starry Night is one of the most well known paintings in modern culture. The painting is part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The painting was the inspiration for the song “Vincent” (also known as “starry starry night”) by Don McLean. McLean’s song reference the painting as well as other paintings by the famous artist.
Title: Mona Lisa
Painted by Leonardo da Vinci. The most famous painting in the world is the main attraction of the Louvre museum in Paris, where it is seen by six million people every year! Leonardo da Vinci painted it from the year 1503 or 1504 till shortly before he died in 1519.
Title: The Scream
The most famous piece by Edvard Munch, painted around 1893. It was painted using oil and pastel on cardboard. This frightening painting is on display at The National Gallery, Oslo, Norway.
Title: The Weeping Woman
Painted by Pablo Picassoin 1937
The Weeping Woman series is regarded as a thematic continuation of the tragedy depicted in Picasso's epic painting Guernica. In focusing on the image of a woman crying, the artist was no longer painting the effects of the Spanish Civil War directly, but rather referring to a singular universal image of suffering.
Title: Fighting Forms
Franz Marc (1880 – 1916) was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of the German Expressionist movement. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it.
Title: Summer night at Skagen
Peder Severin Krøyer (1851 –1909), known as P. S. Krøyer, was a Danish painter. He is one of the best known and beloved, and undeniably the most colourful of the Skagen Painters, a community of Danish and Nordic artists who lived, gathered or worked in Skagen, Denmark, especially during the final decades of the 19th century. Krøyer was the unofficial leader of the group.
Title: Impression, Sunrise
Oscar-Claude Monet (1840 – 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris.
8. Great Britain
Francis Bacon (1909 – 1992) was an Irish-born British figurative painter known for his bold, emotionally charged and raw imagery. His painterly abstracted figures are typically isolated in glass or steel geometrical cages, set against flat, nondescript backgrounds.
Title: The Kiss
Gustav Klimt (1862 – 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes.
Title: Pedestrians Crossing the River Liffey
John "Jack" Butler Yeats (1871 –1957) was an Irish artist and Olympic medalist. W. B. Yeats was his brother.
His early style was that of an illustrator; he only began to work regularly in oils in 1906. His early pictures are simple lyrical depictions of landscapes and figures, predominantly from the west of Ireland especially of his boyhood home of Sligo. Yeats's work contains elements of Romanticism.
Title: Woman and Parasol
Albert Gustaf Aristides Edelfelt was born on 21 July 1854 in Porvoo, Finland. He was the son of Carl Albert Edelfelt, an architect, and Alexandra Edelfelt. His parents were Swedish-speaking Finns. He began his formal studies of art in 1869 at the Drawing School of the Finnish Art Society, and continued as a student of Adolf von Becker.
Title: The Son of Man
René François Ghislain Magritte (1898 –1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for a number of witty and thought-provoking images that fall under the umbrella of surrealism. His work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality.
Title: Nocturnal – New York, 1940
Carlos Botelho (1899 - 1982), was a Portuguese painter, illustrator and caricaturist, whose works are shown at the Chiado Museum and at the Modern Art Centre José de Azeredo Perdigão/Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, in Lisbon. He was one of the most relevant Portuguese artists of his generation.
Title: Reclining Nude, 1940
Jankel Adler (1895 –1949) was a Jewish-Polish painter and printmaker.
He was born as the seventh of ten children in Tuszyn, a suburb of Łódź. In 1912 he began training as an engraver with his uncle in Belgrade. He moved in 1914 to Germany where he lived for a time with his sister in Barmen. There he studied at the college of arts and crafts with professor Gustav Wiethücher.
Petre Abrudan (1907-1979) was a Romanian painter. He made portraits, historical compositions, monumental painting, mosaics and landscapes in a traditional realistic manner.
Gösta Adrian-Nilsson (1884 - 1965), usually referred to as GAN, was a Swedish artist and writer. He is regarded as a pioneer of the Swedish modernist art movement.
GAN debuted as an artist 1907 with an exhibition at the Art Museum of the University of Lund. After studies at Zahrtmann's School in Copenhagen, he traveled year 1914 to Berlin to study modernism.
Title: House in Bogdanovka
Kateryna Vasylivna Bilokur (1900 - 1961) was a Ukrainian folk artist born in the Kiev Oblast. After an unpromising start, her works became known in the late 1930s and 1940s for their interest in nature. She was named People's Artist of Ukraine.
Title: Lady with Umbrella – 1935
George Bouzianis (1885 – 1959) was a major Greek expressionist painter.
He studied painting at the Athens School of Fine Arts with teachers such as Nikiphoros Lytras and Konstantinos Volanakis, Georgios Roilos and Dimitrios Geraniotis. In 1907 he moved to Munich to continue his art studies with Otto Seitz. In 1910 he moved to Berlin where he was taught from Max Liebermann. In 1917 he has already adopted elements of German expressionism movement in his own individual artistic style.
Title: Portrait of photographer M.A. Sherling, 1918
Yury Pavlovich Annenkov (1889 –1974) was a Russian artist mostly known for his book illustrations and portraits.
Title: Self-Portrait with Seven Fingers
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (1887 – 1985) was a Russian-French artist. An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.
Abidin Dino (1913 - 1993) was a Turkish artist and a well-known painter.
Dino was born on March 23, 1913 in Istanbul into a family who loved art. He started drawing and painting at a young age influenced by his family. As a child he lived in Geneve, Switzerland and France for several years with his parents, returning to Istanbul in 1925.
22. Czech Republic
Title: Self-Portrait - Frantisek Kupka
Frantisek Kupka also known as Frank Kupka or François Kupka was a Czech painter and graphic artist. He was a pioneer and co-founder of the early phases of the abstract art movement and Orphic cubism (Orphism). Kupka's abstract works arose from a base of realism, but later evolved into pure abstract art.
Vilmos Aba-Novák (1894 – 1941) was a Hungarian painter and graphic artist. He was an original representative of modern art in his country, and specifically of its modern monumental painting. He was also the celebrated author of frescoes and church murals at Szeged and Budapest and was officially patronized by the Hungarian nobility.
Title: King Marko - 1926
Ivan Milev Lalev (1897 – 1927) was a Bulgarian painter and scenographer regarded as the founder of the Bulgarian Secession and a representative of Bulgarian modernism, combining symbolism, Art Nouveau and expressionism in his work.
Title: The man with the cart
Ivan Grohar (1867 – 1911) was a Slovene Impressionist painter. Together with Rihard Jakopic, Matej Sternen, and Matija Jama, he is considered one of the leading figures of Slovene impressionism in the fin de siecle period. He is known by his landscapes and portraits. He was also an established guitarist and singer.
Cuno Amiet (1868 – 1961) was a Swiss painter, illustrator, graphic artist and sculptor. As the first Swiss painter to give precedence to color in composition, he was a pioneer of modern art in Switzerland.
Title: Deer in the Forest - 1956
Ivan Generalić (1914 – 1992) was a Croatian painter in the Naive tradition.
Title: Green Oasis - 1968
Vangel Naumovski was born in 1924 in the Macedonian city of Ohrid (then part of Yugoslavia). He was interested in art at a young age, but this led nowhere as he left school after third grade and worked a series of odd jobs gardener, farmer, butcher. After a stint in the army, he enrolled in art school in Skopje in 1946, lasting a year. He then worked in a woodcarving shop in Ohrid for thirteen years. During this time he was painting, initially in a folk myth style, which led to him being considered a Naive artist.
Title: Voluptas Mors - 1951
Philippe Halsman (1906 –1979) was an American based portrait photographer. He was born in Riga in the part of the Russian Empire, which later became Latvia, and died in New York City.
Title: Adoration of the Sun
Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875 – 1911) was a Lithuanian painter, composer and writer. Ciurlionis contributed to symbolism and art nouveau and was representative of the fin de siècle epoch. He has been considered one of the pioneers of abstract art in Europe.
Title: Estonian peasant - 1867
Franz Karl Eduard von Gebhardt (1838–1925) was a Baltic German historical painter. He was born in Järva-Jaani, Estonia, the son of a Protestant clergyman, and studied first at the Academy of St. Petersburg. In 1860 he became the pupil of Wilhelm Sohn at Düsseldorf, where he permanently settled, and became professor at the academy in 1873. One of his students was the German-Brazilian painter Wilhelm Techmeier.
Title: Nightmares Melt Into Reality
Albín Brunovský (1935 –1997) was a Slovak painter, graphic artist, lithographer, illustrator and pedagogue, considered one of the greatest Slovak painters of the 20th century.
Dado (1933–2010) was a Yugoslavian-born artist who spent most of his life and creative career in France. He is particularly known as a painter but was also active as an engraver, drawer, book illustrator and sculptor.
Mersad Berber (1940 – 2012) was a Bosnian painter.
Berber was born in Bosanski Petrovac, Kingdom of Yugoslavia. He trained at the Academy of Fine Arts in Ljubljana where he graduated with a BA and MA. In 1978, Berber received a teaching position at the Academy of Fine Arts in Sarajevo.
Abdurrahim Buza (1905–1987) was an Albanian painter. His artistic style was characterized by bright colours and a certain naivety. There was a wide range of themes in his painting which consisted of both portraits to landscapes. The subjects of his paintings were historical, legendary and nationalist.
Andrei Mudrea is a painter and plastic artist born in Bessarabia in 1954. He occupies a leading position among the reference works or even a Moldovan artistic avantgarde. He is considered one of the most talented Bessarabian painters. His message, of a disturbing drama, is usually embedded in a metaphor.
Muslim Mulliqi (1934 – 1998) was an impressionist and expressionist painter of Kosovo. Born into a family of artists in town, Mulliqi attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade under Zoran Petrović, where he also continued with the postgraduate studies. Mulliqi exposed in galleries of Kosovo, ex-Yugoslavia, Italy and Albania. Mulliqi was the initiator of the foundation and vice-president of the Academy of Sciences of Kosovo. He taught Painting in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Prishtina.